Davos 2012 - Press Conference A YGL Initiative Deworm the World
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http://www.weforum.org 28.01.2012 Press Conference A YGL Initiative: Deworm the World The Deworm the World initiative of the World Economic Forum's Young Global Leaders improves the health and ed (More)
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00:00:02 00:00:03 Good afternoon.
00:00:03 00:00:08 Thank you for coming to this afternoon's Press Conference
00:00:08 00:00:14 on the Young Global Leaders initiative, deworming the world.
00:00:15 00:00:19 Just a few comments, just before we start.
00:00:19 00:00:25 We are also showing this Press Conference live on our webcast.
00:00:26 00:00:30 That's available at livestream.com/worldeconomicforum.
00:00:31 00:00:36 People following us through that channel can also post questions if they wish.
00:00:38 00:00:41 Without any further ado, let me hand things to John Dutton,
00:00:41 00:00:45 our Deputy Head of the community of Young Global Leaders,
00:00:45 00:00:49 to introduce our panel and get us started today.
00:00:50 00:00:51 Thank you, Kai.
00:00:52 00:00:54 The forum of Young Global Leaders is a diverse community
00:00:54 00:01:00 of more than 700 exceptional young leaders, who come from all regions around the world,
00:01:00 00:01:02 and really all stakeholder groups.
00:01:03 00:01:04 Nominated under the age of 40,
00:01:05 00:01:08 these young leaders have achieved great success professionally,
00:01:08 00:01:12 but have also shown a great commitment to improving the state of the world.
00:01:13 00:01:17 We have seen that Young Global Leaders are particularly keen to move to action,
00:01:17 00:01:20 and the World Economic Forum provides the platform and opportunity
00:01:20 00:01:25 for their innovative ideas to be nurtured, tested and scaled.
00:01:26 00:01:29 Since the beginning of the forum of Young Global Leaders in 2005,
00:01:30 00:01:32 more than 20 initiatives have been launched.
00:01:32 00:01:36 But really none of them have had more impact than Deworm the World.
00:01:37 00:01:40 Our vision with these initiatives is much like an idea incubator.
00:01:40 00:01:43 It starts with an idea from a group of Young Global Leaders.
00:01:44 00:01:47 We connect them to relevant experts and partners,
00:01:48 00:01:51 and then we encourage them to eventually form legally-bound
00:01:51 00:01:54 not-for-profit and in some cases for-profit organizations.
00:01:55 00:01:58 We are proud to count Deworm the World as a shining example
00:01:58 00:02:00 of how this group of Young Global Leaders,
00:02:00 00:02:05 can improve the health, education and livelihoods of children around the world.
00:02:06 00:02:09 With that, let me introduce the rest of our esteemed panel here.
00:02:10 00:02:13 Next to me is Mr. Sriram Raghavan, who is a Young Global Leader
00:02:13 00:02:15 and board member of Deworm the World.
00:02:15 00:02:20 He is also the Chief Executive Officer of InKlude Labs in India.
00:02:21 00:02:25 Next to him is His Excellency the Prime Minister of Kenya,
00:02:25 00:02:27 who has been leading the Government since 2008.
00:02:28 00:02:31 He has also been a member of parliament since 1992
00:02:31 00:02:36 and has served as the Minister for both Energy and Roads, Public Works and Housing.
00:02:37 00:02:41 To his left is Mr. Rajiv Shah, who is also a Young Global Leader
00:02:41 00:02:46 and is the administrator for USAID, the US agency for international development,
00:02:46 00:02:48 which he has led since 2009.
00:02:49 00:02:53 And on the end of our panel is Mrs. Jamie Cooper-Hohn,
00:02:53 00:02:55 who is the President and Chief Executive Officer
00:02:55 00:03:00 of the Children's Investment Fund Foundation, which she has led since 2006.
00:03:00 00:03:03 Without further ado, let me hand over to Mr. Sriram Raghavan.
00:03:03 00:03:04 Thank you, John.
00:03:05 00:03:08 This Press Conference is in some ways our announcement
00:03:09 00:03:13 for increased commitments by governments and donors
00:03:13 00:03:16 to improve the lives of more than a billion people
00:03:16 00:03:19 suffered by Neglected Tropical Diseases, worms in particular.
00:03:20 00:03:21 The Deworm the World initiative
00:03:22 00:03:27 was launched at the World Economic Forum several years ago by YGLs
00:03:28 00:03:31 in response to the strong evidence for school-based deworming,
00:03:31 00:03:34 on children's education health outcomes.
00:03:34 00:03:39 As part of our task force, we found that for a mere pocket change,
00:03:39 00:03:43 per child per year it is one of the best investments we can make
00:03:44 00:03:48 to improve the education health of millions of school aged children around the world.
00:03:49 00:03:53 When Deworm the World was established, we knew school-based deworming
00:03:54 00:03:55 improved children's lives.
00:03:56 00:03:59 And that these important spillover effects to other children
00:03:59 00:04:01 and families in the community.
00:04:01 00:04:05 School-based deworming for example reduces absenteeism by over 25%.
00:04:05 00:04:09 New findings however from long term studies have demonstrated
00:04:09 00:04:13 our work is more critical than ever, resulting in important
00:04:13 00:04:16 income and work participation benefits.
00:04:16 00:04:22 As these children become adults, 20% increase in wages amongst wage journals
00:04:22 00:04:24 and 12% more hours worked.
00:04:24 00:04:28 So today we have even more reasons to expand school-based deworming programs.
00:04:29 00:04:34 There are currently more than 400 million school aged children who remain untreated.
00:04:35 00:04:40 And for 50 cents per year, per child, we have an opportunity to treat them.
00:04:40 00:04:43 It's a simple model that can be scaled quickly and massively.
00:04:43 00:04:47 And also, the key thing, however, is to make sure that these are sustained over time.
00:04:48 00:04:50 Deworm the World is working to do just that,
00:04:50 00:04:54 by advocating for school-based deworming as a public policy priority
00:04:54 00:04:56 and supporting governments with technical assistance
00:04:57 00:05:00 to establish programs that are implemented year and year.
00:05:00 00:05:04 The key to the success of these programs is establishing cross-equatorial partnerships,
00:05:04 00:05:08 with the ministries of education and health, that can effectively leverage
00:05:08 00:05:11 existing infrastructure to reach a large number of school students.
00:05:12 00:05:13 The private sector has also played a key role.
00:05:14 00:05:19 Companies like Johnson and Johnson, GSK, have generously donated drugs
00:05:19 00:05:21 as needed to treat every child.
00:05:22 00:05:24 Three years ago Professor Schwab, in Davos,
00:05:24 00:05:29 kicked off this momentous event with Prime Minister Odinga,
00:05:30 00:05:31 who we're fortunate to have again today,
00:05:32 00:05:35 and who made key commitments to school-based deworming.
00:05:35 00:05:38 Today we're excited to return and share our achievements.
00:05:38 00:05:41 Kenya is a shining example as you will soon hear,
00:05:41 00:05:46 has made a long-term commitment to school-based deworming at the national level,
00:05:46 00:05:48 and already reached over five million children.
00:05:49 00:05:52 And in the state of Bihar in India, this past year we just did
00:05:52 00:05:56 the largest school-based deworming program, reaching over 17 million children.
00:05:57 00:06:00 These programs are not one-time events, but will continue on 2012
00:06:00 00:06:01 and in the years after.
00:06:02 00:06:05 Additionally through the efforts of the World Economic Forum and Deworm the World,
00:06:06 00:06:08 the Neglected Tropical Disease global movement
00:06:08 00:06:12 is now seeing school-based deworming as a significant part of their profiles.
00:06:12 00:06:17 Next week in London, the Gates Foundation, the FED, World Health Organization and others,
00:06:17 00:06:20 are coming together to make a commitment for the support
00:06:20 00:06:23 to the prevention of Neglected Tropical Diseases.
00:06:23 00:06:26 Today there is an increased prominence of the school-based deworming approach.
00:06:27 00:06:29 An impact of worms in children is recognized globally.
00:06:30 00:06:33 Overall, with the support of YGLs and many other partners,
00:06:33 00:06:37 we've already helped over 37 million children to receive treatment through schools.
00:06:38 00:06:40 We are thrilled to have you all join us today.
00:06:40 00:06:43 As our partners announce exciting commitments that will have an enduring impact
00:06:44 00:06:47 on our children, and how together we can make an enormous difference.
00:06:48 00:06:51 It will be an honor for me now to have the Prime Minister share his thoughts.
00:06:52 00:06:53 Prime Minister.
00:06:54 00:06:56 Thank you, thank you very much, everyone.
00:06:58 00:07:06 Let me say that I'm very pleased to be here this morning and to launch the second phase
00:07:06 00:07:10 of the Kenyan's national school-based deworming program.
00:07:11 00:07:19 This process is important and this Press Conference is also very important,
00:07:19 00:07:23 because many people in the developed world do not know
00:07:23 00:07:26 that infection of children by parasitic worm
00:07:27 00:07:31 is one of the most serious public health challenges in developing countries.
00:07:33 00:07:40 Worldwide, over 600 million school-aged children are infected with parasitic worms.
00:07:41 00:07:46 In Kenya, over six million children are affected.
00:07:47 00:07:49 Parasitic worm infections
00:07:49 00:07:58 lead to anaemia, malnourishment and impaired mental and physical development.
00:07:58 00:08:05 Children infected with this chronic condition are often too sick or too tired
00:08:05 00:08:09 to study at school or even to attend school at all.
00:08:10 00:08:14 The negative impact of parasitic worm infection
00:08:14 00:08:19 on social and economic development of a country is considerable.
00:08:20 00:08:28 Children persistently infected with worms, are 13% more likely to be illiterate
00:08:28 00:08:31 than those who are not infected.
00:08:32 00:08:39 Those children are affected by the worms and for the 3% less as adults.
00:08:40 00:08:47 Research led by Professor Michael Kremer at Harvard University has shown these facts.
00:08:48 00:08:52 School-based deworming is universally recognized
00:08:52 00:08:56 as a safe, simple and cost-effective solution.
00:08:57 00:09:02 The benefits of school-based deworming are both immediate and long-lasting.
00:09:04 00:09:07 Schools provide the most efficient avenue
00:09:07 00:09:10 to reach the highest number of children affected by worms.
00:09:12 00:09:17 Primary schools have a much wider and deeper coverage than clinics.
00:09:18 00:09:26 In Kenya, there are approximately 20,000 primary schools, four times more than clinics.
00:09:27 00:09:31 There are of course, far more teachers than health workers.
00:09:32 00:09:37 So ladies and gentlemen, three years ago here in Davos,
00:09:38 00:09:41 I had the pleasure of launching phase one
00:09:42 00:09:44 of Kenya's National School-Based Deworming Program.
00:09:45 00:09:49 This program was led by the Ministry of Education
00:09:50 00:09:53 in collaboration with the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation
00:09:54 00:09:58 and the Kenya Medical Research Institute, that is KMRI.
00:10:00 00:10:02 I am pleased to let you know
00:10:02 00:10:06 that phase one of Kenya's National School-Based Deworming Program
00:10:06 00:10:09 was a great success.
00:10:11 00:10:18 One, over 3.6 million children in 45 districts were dewormed in the year 2009.
00:10:20 00:10:27 The treatment was provided to enrolled and non-enrolled children, at over 8200 schools.
00:10:29 00:10:36 Two, over 1000 local government officials and over 16,000 teachers
00:10:36 00:10:43 were trained on how to treat children and how to educate children and communities
00:10:44 00:10:48 about worm prevention during program implementation.
00:10:49 00:11:00 And finally, the program did cost only US 36 cents per child.
00:11:01 00:11:04 The program was one of the first successfully completed
00:11:04 00:11:09 school-based deworming programs implemented at a national scale.
00:11:11 00:11:17 In achieving this success, the government of Kenya was supported by a strong network,
00:11:17 00:11:26 called Developing Partners, led by the Deworm the World and Innovations for Poverty Action.
00:11:27 00:11:33 The network also included the World Bank, the Partnership for Child Development and others.
00:11:35 00:11:40 So ladies and gentlemen, this year I am pleased to be here again
00:11:41 00:11:45 with another important announcement in the fight against worms in Kenya.
00:11:46 00:11:51 We are launching phase two of our National School-Based Deworming Program.
00:11:52 00:11:58 Beginning 2012, we will treat at least five million children every year,
00:11:59 00:12:01 for the next five years.
00:12:02 00:12:06 We are grateful to the Children's Investment Fund Foundation,
00:12:07 00:12:12 USAID and the National Fund for its generous support
00:12:13 00:12:17 which has made this expansion of our deworming program possible.
00:12:18 00:12:27 The CIFF is providing up to USD 20.8 million for implementation
00:12:28 00:12:34 and up to $1.3 million for monitoring and evolution over the five years.
00:12:35 00:12:42 Kenya has committed to continue this program because we know it is a good investment.
00:12:43 00:12:49 You'll see in the past the tremendous impact it can have on our children.
00:12:50 00:12:54 School-based deworming has moved beyond hypothetical research
00:12:55 00:12:59 and proven itself as a scalable, cost-effective intervention.
00:13:00 00:13:04 Kenya is now the model that other countries around the world
00:13:04 00:13:07 are directly looking to for inspiration.
00:13:08 00:13:12 I encourage fellow Heads of State and government in Africa
00:13:13 00:13:16 and other developing regions of the world
00:13:16 00:13:21 to consider what a similar program might accomplish in your own countries.
00:13:23 00:13:28 Resources, including drugs and funding, are available globally.
00:13:28 00:13:34 We are convinced that this can vastly improve children's health and education.
00:13:34 00:13:40 So ladies and gentlemen, finally, I wish to take this opportunity
00:13:40 00:13:45 to thank all partners who have contributed and are continuing to contribute
00:13:46 00:13:48 to our school-based deworming program in Kenya.
00:13:50 00:13:54 I thank once again, Children's Investment Fund Foundation
00:13:54 00:13:59 for its generous support, and encourage other charitable foundations to join us.
00:14:01 00:14:05 In Kenya, a new constitution was overwhelmingly ratified
00:14:05 00:14:07 by our people about a year and a half ago.
00:14:09 00:14:13 Our new constitution is truly democratic and progressive.
00:14:15 00:14:19 Health is one of the fundamental rights of all its citizens.
00:14:20 00:14:25 As we implement the constitution, I am confident that in three years from now
00:14:26 00:14:29 we will be able to encourage, to announce
00:14:30 00:14:33 that worms are no longer a public health problem in Kenya.
00:14:34 00:14:40 We are talking about a worms-free Kenya. Thank you very much.
00:14:45 00:14:46 Thank you, Your Excellency.
00:14:47 00:14:48 Can we now pass over to Mrs. Cooper-Hohn.
00:14:49 00:14:50 Thank you.
00:14:50 00:14:53 The Children's Investment Fund Foundation prides itself
00:14:54 00:14:57 in only backing interventions where the evidence exists
00:14:57 00:15:00 that we can transform the lives of children.
00:15:00 00:15:03 Deworming absolutely fits into that definition.
00:15:04 00:15:07 It's the most cost-effective thing we can do,
00:15:07 00:15:12 to get kids back into schools and to fight absenteeism.
00:15:12 00:15:18 It may account for as much as 25% of morbidity in children.
00:15:19 00:15:23 And as was mentioned, the studies are now coming out, the randomly controlled studies,
00:15:23 00:15:27 to show that we get income boosts and long-term changes in productivity
00:15:28 00:15:29 by deworming children.
00:15:30 00:15:33 And of the seven billion people now on this planet,
00:15:33 00:15:40 about one billion of us are infected with worms, mostly in Africa and Asia.
00:15:40 00:15:49 And so this program is timely, it's important and it's unique and special.
00:15:49 00:15:55 Because until this point, most of deworming has been sporadic, it has been short-term,
00:15:55 00:16:00 it's money to deworm one district or a set of schools for a short period of time.
00:16:01 00:16:04 We can conquer worms but we have to do it smart.
00:16:04 00:16:11 As we've been led by Prime Minister Odinga, it has to be a nationwide program.
00:16:11 00:16:16 It has to be systematic and then we can drive down worms to 5%.
00:16:17 00:16:22 We can sustain that very, very inexpensively and we can truly transform lives.
00:16:22 00:16:25 So I really want to commend Kenya.
00:16:25 00:16:27 We're very proud to be in partnership with them
00:16:27 00:16:30 in taking this very strategic smart approach,
00:16:31 00:16:35 which won't make a small difference for a short-term for kids
00:16:35 00:16:41 but will change those outcomes in a sustainable, systematic way.
00:16:43 00:16:48 I very much appreciate the partnership of this panel.
00:16:48 00:16:51 I also want to note the pharmaceuticals who aren't here.
00:16:52 00:16:55 Part of the reason this is so cost-effective
00:16:56 00:17:00 is because they're donating the vast majority of the drugs for these interventions.
00:17:01 00:17:06 So it's a real public, private partnership at every level, as you see.
00:17:07 00:17:10 So we hope this will be a precedent for many, many other countries.
00:17:11 00:17:13 As the Prime Minister said,
00:17:13 00:17:17 we hope that there will be other philanthropies and foundations to appreciate
00:17:18 00:17:23 how important and impactful this can be for kids and join us all in that effort.
00:17:25 00:17:27 Thank you very much. Mr. Shah?
00:17:28 00:17:30 Great. I want to add my thanks
00:17:30 00:17:35 and recognize Prime Minister Odinga for his very strong leadership on this issue.
00:17:36 00:17:40 We are proud of you, I say to be part of this public, private partnership.
00:17:40 00:17:43 Proud because this is an important effort to do something at scale,
00:17:44 00:17:47 that will help millions of children, in this case five million kids,
00:17:48 00:17:53 learn better, go to school, improve their own development
00:17:53 00:17:58 ranging from literacy outcomes to their capacity to join the workforce,
00:17:58 00:18:02 earn incomes and contribute to long-term economic growth and development.
00:18:03 00:18:05 The data on this intervention is airtight.
00:18:06 00:18:09 So we are proud to be supporting something that has been demonstrated to be
00:18:10 00:18:15 amongst the most cost-effective ways to use scarce taxpayer resources.
00:18:16 00:18:20 I'd also add that this type of partnership is increasingly a model
00:18:20 00:18:22 for how USAID seeks to work.
00:18:23 00:18:30 We select the most effective areas to invest, measure results and document outcomes.
00:18:30 00:18:34 We prioritize strong country ownership and leadership.
00:18:34 00:18:39 It is the Kenyan Government's leadership that has allowed this to scale so quickly
00:18:39 00:18:43 and is what makes it possible to implement a program at scale,
00:18:43 00:18:48 as opposed to a series of pilot projects, scattered around the country.
00:18:49 00:18:54 And we value this partnership with the Drug and Pharmaceutical Industry,
00:18:54 00:18:57 with private foundations and with other funders.
00:18:57 00:19:01 It helps leverage taxpayer dollars and it helps generate better results,
00:19:02 00:19:06 because more people are looking at outcomes more carefully and learning together.
00:19:07 00:19:08 Finally, I would just conclude
00:19:09 00:19:14 by observing a strong belief that President Obama and Secretary Clinton have
00:19:14 00:19:16 with respect to why we do this work.
00:19:17 00:19:20 When kids survive, learn and thrive,
00:19:20 00:19:25 we build stronger, safer communities and economies around the world.
00:19:25 00:19:29 You can't have safety and security if children are dying under the age of five,
00:19:30 00:19:33 or if children are not going to school, if children are not learning
00:19:33 00:19:37 and if children don't have the opportunity to grow up and join a productive workforce
00:19:38 00:19:39 and get jobs.
00:19:40 00:19:43 This in turn helps benefit the United States,
00:19:43 00:19:48 because stronger, safer economies around the world become trading partners.
00:19:48 00:19:51 They create jobs at home, and they allow us to engage
00:19:51 00:19:55 on tackling the difficult, complex, global challenges we face,
00:19:55 00:20:00 using our cooperation as opposed to our military resources.
00:20:01 00:20:03 So development is an important part
00:20:03 00:20:07 of our long-term economic and national security approach.
00:20:07 00:20:12 This is a wonderful example of how we can use scarce taxpayer resources
00:20:12 00:20:16 to get the most results in the most effective way.
00:20:16 00:20:16 Thank you.
00:20:17 00:20:18 Thank you, Mr. Shah.
00:20:19 00:20:21 I'm going to hand it back over to Sriram Raghavan
00:20:21 00:20:23 to wrap it up from Deworm the World's side.
00:20:24 00:20:28 Then we're going to open up for some questions from the audience, and also from the web.
00:20:29 00:20:30 Thank you, John.
00:20:30 00:20:32 I want to readdress what Rajiv just said.
00:20:32 00:20:37 We know the model works, we know what the impacts are and we have evidence of both.
00:20:38 00:20:41 So we're pleased to have all of you here supporting these efforts.
00:20:41 00:20:44 We're calling on you to help us make this happen.
00:20:45 00:20:49 At less than 50 cents per child per year, and with many costs already matched,
00:20:49 00:20:51 you can rapidly change the lives of many children.
00:20:52 00:20:56 I recognize Prime Minister Odinga's leadership, and I'm sure under his leadership
00:20:56 00:20:59 Kenya will institutionalize school-based deworming
00:20:59 00:21:02 and make Neglected Tropical Diseases a thing of the past.
00:21:03 00:21:07 So thank you all for coming, and we're happy to answer any questions.
00:21:16 00:21:20 If nothing else, let me ask one question for Mr. Raghavan.
00:21:21 00:21:28 In fact, where do you see the opportunities for Deworm the World in other countries?
00:21:28 00:21:34 And if, for Prime Minister Odinga, are there other countries on the African continent
00:21:34 00:21:39 that you would advise Deworm the World to begin going to as well?
00:21:40 00:21:42 If the Prime Minister will answer his question.
00:21:43 00:21:47 Well I would say that virtually almost all.
00:21:49 00:21:53 I know for example, coming from the East African community,
00:21:54 00:22:01 speaking on behalf of my other partners in Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi.
00:22:02 00:22:06 I know that the situation there is not any different from what it is in Kenya,
00:22:08 00:22:12 and that these countries could benefit very much from this kind of program.
00:22:13 00:22:18 You can equally apply it then across the equator.
00:22:20 00:22:24 So I would say that most of Sub-Saharan Africa,
00:22:25 00:22:28 the deworming program would be very much welcome.
00:22:29 00:22:32 That's really the reason why in my statement
00:22:32 00:22:36 I said that I would like other countries to emulate Kenya's example.
00:22:38 00:22:42 Because I know that the equivalent number of kids with talents
00:22:42 00:22:49 who are not able to realize their potential because of this scourge.
00:22:51 00:22:52 Thank you. Mr. Raghavan?
00:22:52 00:22:53 Just to reiterate that point.
00:22:53 00:22:55 I think the key to success of this program
00:22:56 00:22:58 is institutionalizing this work within governments.
00:22:59 00:23:01 I think Prime Minister Odinga is one such example
00:23:01 00:23:03 of institutionalizing this within the Kenyan government.
00:23:03 00:23:07 I think scaling is one thing but I think having long-term impact is important.
00:23:08 00:23:12 So, we have wonderful donors who allow us to leverage resources
00:23:13 00:23:15 to technically assist governments to get there.
00:23:16 00:23:18 But I think over time we want governments to make this part of their process.
00:23:19 00:23:23 I'm hopeful that more governments, and especially coming from India I can tell you,
00:23:24 00:23:26 lots of states in India are recognizing that.
00:23:27 00:23:30 I think we'll probably be able to give a better update in five years.
00:23:30 00:23:32 But I'm seeing that to be the trend
00:23:32 00:23:35 because they recognize that they see us to be catalysts for this process.
00:23:36 00:23:38 I think that over time we'll be able to see this within government
00:23:39 00:23:41 and make school-based deworming and other such programs
00:23:43 00:23:46 institutionalized within the organs of the government.
00:23:48 00:23:50 Any other questions from the audience?
00:23:54 00:23:56 Well then with that, I thank all of our panelists for joining us here today
00:23:57 00:24:00 and hope that deworming will be a problem of the past.
00:24:01 00:24:03 Thank you. Thank you.
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